In this dramatically revised and elevated moment variation of the paintings entitled Pan’s Travail, J. Donald Hughes examines the environmental historical past of the classical interval and argues that the decline of historic civilizations led to half from their exploitation of the flora and fauna. concentrating on Greece and Rome, in addition to parts topic to their impacts, Hughes deals an in depth examine the effect of people and their applied sciences at the ecology of the Mediterranean basin.
Evidence of deforestation in historical Greece, the continues to be of Roman aqueducts and mines, and work on centuries-old pottery that depict agricultural actions rfile historic activities that ended in hazardous outcomes to the surroundings. Hughes compares the traditional world's environmental difficulties to different continual social difficulties and discusses attitudes towards nature expressed in Greek and Latin literature.
In addition to huge revisions in response to the newest learn, this re-creation comprises photos from Hughes's around the globe tours, a brand new bankruptcy on struggle and the surroundings, and an up to date bibliography.